Prostate Carcinoma


Early detection can help to cure cancer more easily and effective

If based on preventive screening prostate cancer is suspected, biopsy samples of prostate tissue must be examined to establish a formal diagnosis of the cancer. Controlled by ultrasound and after administering a preventive dose of antibiotics, under local anesthesia or general anesthesia tissue samples are taken from different areas of the prostate. These tissue samples are then examined under the microscope by an experienced pathologist. Given the pathological result, the PSA level, and the clinical findings, an accurate prognoses indicating whether the cancer is confined to the prostate, can be made.

In the case of aggressive tumors (Gleason-Score greater than 6) or high PSA scores (above 10 ng/ml), additional examinations will reveal possible spreading outside of the prostate. 

Possible procedures include:

• Bone Scans
• Computer Tomography (CT)
• Magnetic Resonance Tomography (MRT)
 Lymph node dissection for microscopic examination
• Choline Positron Emissions Tomography (Choline PET)

All these procedures help to decide whether the disease is confined to the prostate, and whether a local treatment defined to the prostate, can be recommended. 

Following is an overview of the different forms of therapy.